I chose to use essential oils that are relaxing because the nerve stimulation caused by Fibromyalgia can become exhausting. I chose to use the essential oils lavender Lavandula angustifolia, german chamomile Matricaria recutita and roman chamomile Chamomile nobile.
Lavender L. angustifolia has active constituents such as 40% linalyl acetate and 31% linalool (Petersen, 2016, p. 214). These active constituents give the oil the pain-relieving properties I need for this blend. It is important to note that this essential oil has GRAS status in the United States and may cause skin sensitivities so a skin patch test is recommended (p. 218). I chose this essential oil because it is a topical pain reliever and has sedating properties. I found a study titled The Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in Reducing Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis which reviewed studies where pain management was treated with the use of aromatherapy either absorbed topically or through the nasal cavity. The conclusion of the study “found a significant positive effect of aromatherapy in reducing pain. These results indicate that aromatherapy should be considered a safe addition to current pain management procedures as no adverse effects were reported in any of the included studies” (Lakhan, Sheafer, & Tepper, 2016).
German chamomile M. recutita and Roman chamomile C. nobile both contain about 85% esters, which are known for being antispasmodic (p. 83). German chamomile M. recutita “due to its higher azulene content, is a more potent remedy for inflammatory conditions than Roman chamomile” (Tisserand, 1978, p. 200). Both types of chamomile have GRAS status in the United States, should be avoided during pregnancy and may cause dermatitis so a skin patch test is recommended (Petersen, 2016, p. 86). I chose these two oils for the anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties. Another therapeutic use I chose these oils for is their sedating and relaxing effects. There was a study titled In vivo skin penetration studies of camomile flavones that concluded “the flavonoids are not only adsorbed at the skin surface, but penetrate into deeper skin layers. This is important for their topical use as antiphlogistic agents” (Merfort, Heilmann, Hagedorn-Leweke, & Lippold, 1994).
I chose to use only a few drops of german chamomile M. recutita because it is more potent with anti-inflammatory properties. Roman chamomile C. nobile I decided needed to be doubled to not overpower the blend but still support with the antispasmodic properties. Therapeutically I decided the blend needed to be mainly pain reducing from personal experience with my mom, she complains about the pain more than anything. I would recommend using this blend in a diffuser (1-5 drops) during the evening. If the client wanted to apply the blend topically as a massage oil, I would recommend using it at a 4% dilution (blended with 1 TBS sweet almond oil and the total 12 drops from the blend) and recommend applying it in a localized area. If being used topically, a skin patch test needs to be conducted and cautioned not to use during pregnancy. Because this is a sedative blend I wouldrecommend its usage during a relaxing time (before bed). Depending on the client’s lifestyle I would recommend the best method of use for them.
Lakhan, S. E., Sheafer, H., & Tepper, D. (2016). The effectiveness of Aromatherapy in reducing pain: A systematic review and Meta-Analysis. pain research and treatment, 2016, . Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5192342/
Merfort, I., Heilmann, J., Hagedorn-Leweke, U., & Lippold, B. (1994). In vivo skin penetration studies of camomile flavones. Die Pharmazie., 49(7), 509–11. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8073060
Petersen, D. (2016). Aroma 101: Introduction to Aromatherapy. Portland, Oregon: American College of Healthcare Sciences.
Tisserand, R. B. (1978). The art of aromatherapy: The healing and beautifying properties of the essential oils of flowers and herbs. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions Bear and Company.